The health system, funded by public and private capital, is developing. By now only Gaborone has an excellent hospital. Health care costs have been mainly concentrated in the prevention and treatment of AIDS and malaria, the latter is present in the marshy areas formed in the north of the Okavango River. Among the measures put in place by the government to fight the virus, the complimentary treatments with antiretroviral drugs can be mentioned and a national program for prevention of infection from mother to child.
The BOTSWANA 2012 GLOBAL AIDS RESPONSE REPORT (PROGRESS REPORT OF THE NATIONAL RESPONSE TO THE 2011 DECLARATION OF COMMITMENTS ON HIV AND AIDS Reporting Period: 2010-2011 3/31/2012 reports that in 2001, Botswana was among the 189 countries that have adopted the “United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV and AIDS (UNGASS ) Declaration of commitment”. This declaration includes the commitment to achieve the Millennium Development goal 6: fighting the spread of HIV and AIDS by 2015.

Despite the intense and widespread prevention of champagne, Botswana continues to fight against an epidemic of HIV/AIDS. According to the Botswana AIDS Impact Survey III ( BAIS III), 17.6 % of the population aged 18 and over has contracted HIV (2008). The virus is more prevalent among women, 20.4% compared with 14.2 % of men and in urban areas (19.1% ) than in rural areas (17.1% ) .
According to estimates and projections of 2010 conducted by NACA, it is estimated that the total number of people with HIV and with AIDS in Botswana in December 2009 were 316.363 of which 179151 (57%) women and 137212 (43%) men. Children with HIV/AIDS were 15.888 ( 5%). Always the same study calculated a total of new infections in 2009 amounted to 16216, the majority of which ( 95%) occurred among persons aged 15 years or more. 9214 is instead the number of deaths in 2009.